Religious Studies Resources

A Guide to E-Reference Sources, Journal Databases, and other Resources in Religion.

Early Christian Commentary

A Bible index to comments on chapters and verses from the church fathers: https://www.earlychristiancommentary.com/FathersScripIndex/. Click on a relevant book chapter, then on a verse.

A useful introduction to Patristic biblical interpretation is Bray, How the Church Fathers Read the Bible (Lexham, 2022).

Pentateuch

Cyril of Alexandria, 376-444, Glaphyra on the Pentateuch, v.1 (Gen.), v.2 (Exod.-Deut.)

Theodoret of Cyrus, 423-457, Questions on the Octateuch, v.1, v.2

Genesis

Carasik, Communicator's Bible: Genesis (2018, compilation of Medieval Jewish commentators)

Didymus the Blind, 313-398, Genesis

John Chrysostom, 347-407, Homilies on Genesis 1-1718-4546-67

Oecolampadius, Exposition of Genesis (c. 1500, this translation 2013)

Origen, 184-253, Homilies Genesis-Exodus

Exodus

Origen, 184-253, Homilies Genesis-Exodus

Leviticus

Origen, 184-253, Homilies on Leviticus 1-16

Numbers

Deuteronomy

Joshua

Origen, 184-253, Homilies on Joshua

Judges

Origen, 184-253, Homilies on Judges

Ruth

Job

Gregory the Great, 540-604, Morals on the Book of Job, v.1, v.2, v.3, pt. 1, v.3, pt. 2

Simonettie, Ancient Christian Commentary: Job (2014)

Thomas Aquinas, 1225-1274, Job

Psalms

Augustine, 354-430, Psalms v.1, v.2, v.3, v.4, v.5, v.6

Diodore of Tarsus, d. 392, Psalms 1-51

Hilary of Poitiers, c. 310 – c. 367, Commentary on the Psalms

Origen, 184-253, Homilies on the Psalms

Theodoret of Cyrus, 423-457, Psalms 1-72, 73-150

Isaiah

McKinion, Ancient Christian Commentary: Isaiah 1-39 (2014)

Origen, Homilies on Isaiah (2021)

Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on Isaiah (2021)

Jeremiah and Lamentations

Ezekiel

Daniel

Hippolytus, 170-235, Daniel (Greek text followed by translation)

Hippolytus of Rome's Commentary on Daniel (2022 edition)

Jephet Ibn Ali, 10th Century, Daniel

Jerome, 342-420, Commentary on Daniel

Minor Prophets

Cyril of Alexandria, 376-444, Commentary on the Twelve Prophets, v.1 (Hosea, Joel), v.2 (Amos-Habakkuk), v.3 (Zehaniah-Malachi)

Didymus the Blind, 313-398. Commentary on Zechariah.

Ferreiro, Ancient Christian Commentary: The Twelve Prophets (2003)

Jerome. 342-420, Commentary on the Twelve Prophets, v.2 (Zechariah, Malachi, Hosea, Joel, Amos) (2017)

Jerome. 342-420, Jonah

Theodore of Mopsuestia, 350-428, Commentary on the Twelve Prophets 

Apocrypha

Matthew

Hilary of Poiters, 310-367, Commentary on Matthew

Jerome, 342-420, Commentary on Matthew

John Chrysostom, 347-407, Homilies on the Gospel of Matthew, v.1, v.2

Origen, 184-253, Matthew

Simonetti, Ancient Christian Commentary: Matthew 1-13, 14-28 (2002, 2014)

Thomas Aquinas, 1225-1274, Catena Aurea: Matthew

Williams, Matthew (The Church's Bible, 2018)

Mark

Pseudo-Jerome? The First Commentary on Mark, trans. Michael Cahill, 1998

Thomas Aquinas, 1225-1274, Catena Aurea: Mark

Luke

Cyril of Alexandria, 376-444, Luke, v.1, v.2

Origen, 184-253, Homilies on Luke

Thomas Aquinas, 1225-1274, Catena Aurea: Luke, v.1, v.2

John

Augustine, 354-430, Homilies on Gospel of John

Cyril of Alexandria, 376-444, Commentary on John, v.1, v.2

John Chrysostom, 347-407, Commentary on John, v.1, v.2 or Fathers of the  Church series, John 1-67-21

Nonnus of Nisibis, 790-870, John

Origen, 184-253, John [This was the first known Bible commentary from a church father].

Origen, 184-253, John, v.1, v.2 (Greek text only)

Stewart, ed. John : Interpreted by Early Christian and Medieval Commentators (Church's Bible, 2018)

Thomas Aquinas, 1225-1274, Commentary on John 1-5, 6-12, 13-21

Acts

Homik, Acts of the Apostles through the Centuries (2016)

John Chrysostom, 347-407, Acts v.1, v.2

Romans

Abelard, 1075-1142, Commentary on Romans

Cyril of Alexandria, Commentaries on Romans, 1-2 Corinthians, and Hebrews (Ancient Christian Texts, 2022)

John Chrysostom, 347-407, Romans

Origen, 184-253, Homilies on Romans, v.1, v.2

Theodoret of Cyrus, 423-457, Commentary on Romans, v.1, v.2

Thomas Aquinas, 1225-1274, Commentary on Romans

Corinthians

Bray, Ancient Christian Commentary: 1-2 Corinthians (2014)

Cyril of Alexandria, Commentaries on Romans, 1-2 Corinthians, and Hebrews (Ancient Christian Texts, 2022)

John Chrysostom, 347-407, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians

Galatians

Augustine, 354-430, Commentary on Galatians

Gaius Marianus Victorinus, 4th C, Commentary on Galatians

Jerome, 342-420, Commentary on Galatians

John Chrysostom, 347-407, Galatians

Marius Victorinus, born c. 300, Commentary on Galatians

See also Pauline Epistles box above.

Ephesians

John Chrysosotom, 347-407, Ephesians

See also Pauline Epistles box above.

Philippians

John Chrysostom, 347-407, Philippians (2013 translation)

John Chrysostom, 347-407, Homilies on Philippians, Colossians, and Thessalonians

Thomas Aquinas, 1225-1274, Commentary on Philippians (Latin & English)

See also Pauline Epistles box above.

Colossians and Philemon

John Chrysosotom, 347-407, Homilies on Philippians, Colossians, and Thessalonians

John Chrysosotom, 347-407, Homilies on Colossians (2021 Greek and English ed.)

See also Pauline Epistles box above.

Thessalonians

John Chrysosotom, 347-407, Homilies on Philippians, Colossians, and Thessalonians

See also Pauline Epistles above.

Pastoral Epistles

John Chrysosotom, 347-407, Homilies on Timothy, Titus, and Philemon

See also Pauline Epistles above.

Hebrews

Cyril of Alexandria, Commentaries on Romans, 1-2 Corinthians, and Hebrews (Ancient Christian Texts, 2022)

John Chrysostom, 347-407,  Homilies on Hebrews

James

Epistles of Peter and Jude

Epistles of John

Revelation

Andrew of Caesarea, 563-637, Commentary on the Apocalypse

Oecumenius, 10th c. Commentary on the Apocalypse

Tyconius of Carthage, fl. 370-390, Exposition of the Apocalypse

Writings on the Apocalypse (Fathers of the Church, 2022) [Casiodorus, Gregory the Great, anonymous Greek scholia]