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Citation Style Guides: Home

Links to resources to help you format citations in the most commonly-used styles.


Most courses at TWU require that citations be formatted according to one of three styles: APAChicago/Turabian, or MLA.

In most cases, the required format can be found online at one of the sites below. However, for more unusual citations, try an internet search for something like this: MLA style guide [youtube video]. The words in the square brackets are the type of media you're searching for. Be sure that the sites you use are reputable, such as a library associated with a university.

APA 7th edition

How to Format your paper in APA 7th edition style:

7th edition tutorials

If you want a deeper look at APA 7th citation creation and use, the following tutorials are great:

Sample APA 7th Edition Research Papers


[6th edition: This edition is phased out in favor of the 7th edition, above]


Chicago/Turabian Style

The standard manual for Turabian Style is Turabian, Kate L.  A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Ninth Edition (2018).

Note that there are actually two Turabian styles:

  • Author-Date (also described as Reference List) - Uses short form citations in text rather than footnotes or endnotes; bibliographic citations have unique format features.
  • Notes (also described as Humanities or Bibliography) - Uses footnotes or endnotes; bibliographic citations have unique format features.

(official Turabian site quick guide)


Citing Indigenous Elders & Knowledge Keepers

Formats for citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers in APA, visit citation guidelines from Simon Fraser University.

MLA Style


Tutorials on Doing Research, Including MLA Style - Arizona State University

MLA 8th Style Guides Online

MLA 8th Edition Sample Paper

Sample paper by Purdue OWL

Creating Computer Generated Citations:

Formatting Book Citations:

Use Library OneSearch to identify the book you want to cite.  Click on the blue icon to the right of the book reference and then choose Cite in the right column.  Note that computer generated citations are not always perfect.  Have a formatting guide (as above) available to check on accuracy of the formatting.

Formatting Article Citations:

  • In any EBSCO database, if you click on an article title in your result list, there should be a Cite link on the right.  If there is no Cite link, click on the Save link and choose the citation style you want from the dropdown box on the right.
  • While not always reliable, you can look up your article title (use quotation marks around it) in Google Scholar, then click on the Cite link below the article entry (it's a quotation marks symbol).
  • A useful tool for creating citations is Citation Machine. You can look up your source and generate a citation in the format of your choice.  Once again, it may not be entirely reliable.  You can also fill in information manually and generate a citation.



If you are using EndNote to manage your references, see our EndNote Guide.  See the Downloads tab for information on downloading to EndNote from various databases.

Other Citation Options

Son of Citation Machine (The Landmark Project) is site that will generate citations in the APA, MLA, Turabian, or Chicago style. Book references can be formatted in APA or MLA by ISBN lookup. References in other formats can generated by adding information to the required boxes in an online form.

As when using any electronic citation manager, users need to check the output carefully for errors.

In some cases, you may need to consult the print version of the guide. These are available in the library Reference section. You are also welcome to contact a librarian for help.

The current editions are:

  • American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. BF76.7 .P83 2010 
  • Gibaldi, J., & Modern Language Association of America. (2016). MLA handbook for writers of research papers (8th ed.). New York: Modern Language Association of America. LB2369 .G53 2009
  • Turabian, K. L. (2013). A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations: Chicago style for students and researchers (8th ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. LB2369 .T8 2007


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