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Citation Style Guides: Home

Links to resources to help you format citations in the most commonly-used styles.


Most courses at TWU require that citations be formatted according to one of three styles: APAChicago/Turabian, or MLA.

In most cases, the required format can be found online at one of the sites below. However, for more unusual citations, try an internet search for something like this: MLA style guide [youtube video]. The words in the square brackets are the type of media you're searching for. Be sure that the sites you use are reputable, such as a library associated with a university.

APA Style


MLA Style


Citing Indigenous Elders & Knowledge Keepers

Formats for citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers in APA and MLA style, from NorQuest College Library.  Developed in the spirit of wahkôhtowin and reconciliation by Lorisia MacLeod at NorQuest College Library.

Other Citation Options

Son of Citation Machine (The Landmark Project) is site that will generate citations in the APA, MLA, Turabian, or Chicago style. Book references can be formatted in APA or MLA by ISBN lookup. References in other formats can generated by adding information to the required boxes in an online form.

As when using any electronic citation manager, users need to check the output carefully for errors.

In some cases, you may need to consult the print version of the guide. These are available in the library Reference section. You are also welcome to contact a librarian for help.

The current editions are:

  • American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. BF76.7 .P83 2010 
  • Gibaldi, J., & Modern Language Association of America. (2016). MLA handbook for writers of research papers (8th ed.). New York: Modern Language Association of America. LB2369 .G53 2009
  • Turabian, K. L. (2013). A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations: Chicago style for students and researchers (8th ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. LB2369 .T8 2007


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