Human Kinetics

Information Literacy Skills for HKIN 475

This guide holds all the information you need to succeed with information-based research in university.

For this class, you'll need the following specific skills:

These links will direct you to the instructions and videos that will help you develop these skills.

Research Skills by Information Literacy Category

Questions to consider:

  • What are some common types of information sources?
  • What kinds of information will help me answer my question or achieve my assignment goal? (eg do you need a book, an article, a news article…)
  • How can I tell between good and poor quality information sources?
  • What does it mean, to "cite" something?
  • What is the purpose of citing my sources?

Questions to consider:

  • Which places can I search when I'm looking for research sources?
  • How can I evaluate information and pick good research sources?
  • What are the most common types of academic sources?
  • When would I choose to use different types of academic sources?
  • When would I search OneSearch rather than a database?
  • Which databases would I want to search when doing HKIN research, and why?
  • How do I search OneSearchand find books or articles?

Questions to consider:

  • How do I read an academic book?
  • How to I read an academic article?
  • What do citations help me do?
  • How do I cite resources in my writing?
  • Why would I choose one citation style over another?
  • What is EndNote and what can it help me do?
  • What is Cite While You Write?

Questions to consider:

  • Am I relying on the visual aspect to deliver the oral presentation for me?
  • Does the visual aspect (slides) of my presentation enhance the oral presentation?
  • Can everyone see the slides, or will details be lost from the back of the room?

Article searching tips for Clinical Exercise Rx assignment

Watch this video for an overview of how to search a database on the EBSCO platform, such as SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, and MEDLINE. This video searches CINAHL.






The page on finding different types of evidence gives more information about how to find primary vs secondary research, and what you can do with each.

Go to the Journals / Articles page to find SportDISCUS and MEDLINE, as well as other related databases.


Search strings for SportDISCUS and MEDLINE

The following table outlines some of the kinds of information that you'll need to find to complete your clinical exercise program assignment, and suggests an initial search string that you can try putting into SportDISCUS and MEDLINE.

Make sure you replace any italicised and highlighted text with words appropriate to your information needs.


Goal information Search string Notes
Primary research articles on the condition condition AND ("clinical trial" OR "controlled trial" OR RCT)  
Secondary research articles on the condition condition AND ("systematic review*" OR "meta analysis" OR "meta synthesis") Check the results and discussion sections for relevant primary research articles. Use the citations in the references section to locate selected articles.

Effect of condition on exercise response


Effect of exercise training on condition

condition AND (exercise OR training OR conditioning OR treatment OR intervention OR "physical activity" OR "physically active")

The results will discuss the condition in relation to exercise or treatment, and it's up to you to sift through the articles to find ones that talk about the effect of exercise on the condition, vs the effect of the condition on exercise response.

Common medications for specific conditions condition AND medication* Skim through the article to find mentions of medications prescribed for the condition.
Interplay between medications and physical activity medication AND ("side effect*" OR "adverse event*" OR contraindicat*) AND (exercis* OR activity) Skim through the article to find mentions of any side effects or contraindications related to the medication and physical activity.

A few notes:

  • When searching for medications, make sure to use both the broad category (eg. bronchodilator), the specific generic type (eg. Formoterol), and the trade name (eg. Oxeze or Foradil).
  • Where possible, use a document search (eg. CTRL + F) to do a keyword search within a PDF, looking for words like exercisephysical activityside effectmedication, etc.

Use this template to keep track of your searching

Finding background information for Clinical Exercise Rx assignment

Remember to check national and international organizations and associations for the health condition you're studying. These web pages can provide a lot of information related to treatment and best practices for living with the condition.

Doing a quick internet search for ( condition Canada ) should bring up the Canadian association's site.

Background information can be found in abstracts and introductions of research articles.

Citations in your slide presentation

Creating effective slides for an oral presentation is an essential academic skill, and there are guidelines that you can follow to help make your presentation clear and understandable.

For guidance on creating effective powerpoint slides, browse this guide from Trent University. It provides general guidelines for visual aids to oral presentations.

This paper by Naegle (2021) outlines ten simple rules to make effective presentation slides. The real gem in this paper is the illustration the author provides, demonstrating how following the ten rules changed their slide from a block of text to an image that supported what they were communicating.


When it comes to citing your sources in a powerpoint presentation, follow the guidance provided by Goodwin University.