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Political Studies

Constitutions and Relevant Documents

Canada - Consolidation of Constitution Acts 1867-1982 / Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Internet Archive - Democracy's Library (Key US and Canadian documents that further democracy)

United States - Constitution (includes all amendments)

Noam Chomsky

                           “If we don't believe in freedom of expression for people we despise, we don't believe in it at all- Noam Chomsky -
Image:  Marcello Casal Jr. & Agência Brasil

Gale/Cengage Historical Collection


"Points to the Past" is an enormous collection of primary resource materials, totaling nearly 200,000,000 pages of full text content. It includes maps, photos, newspapers, pamphlets, sermons, poems, and other resources. NOTE: Because it is financed by the BC Government, Points to the Past is available from within British Columbia only.
Several of the sets might be of use to students of political studies:
To see the whole collection go here.


Statistics Canada has produced the 2021 Census Postsecondary Research Kit with tools and resources to analyze census data.

Think Tanks

File:Auguste Rodin-The Thinker-Legion of Honor-Lincoln Park-San Francisco.jpg
Rodin's "The Thinker"
Wikimedia Image taken at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor Courtesy Yair Haklai. No changes. CC License
Reports, news, and views of well-known Canadian and American think tanks (research institutes, policy institutes, etc.)
Each is interested in economics, but goes well beyond that to discuss politics, public policy, law, international development, education, health, welfare, and social issues.
Canadian Institutes:
File:Flag of Canada.svg
Wikimedia Image Public Domain
  • Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada
    Aim is to provide "research, analysis and information on Canada’s transpacific relations". Promotes dialogue on economic, but also security, political, and social issues.

  • Broadbent Institute
    A progressive, social democratic think tank founded by former Federal NDP leader, Ed Broadbent.
  • C.D. Howe Institute
    The Institute's broad mandate is to improve the Canadian standard of living. It is widely regarded as the top domestic economic think tank. 
  • Canada West Foundation
    A regional institute focuses on "policies that shape the west's quality of life". Their economic report bulletin - Currents - is available online, as are provincial budget reports and analysis.
  • Canadian International Council
    A national research forum chiefly concerned with Candian foreign affairs. See the "Sections" tab for essays and reports. International Journal is the scholarly publication of the CIC, and can be searched from our Sage database.
  • Fraser Institute
    One of the country's top think tanks, FI "publishes research examining the effects of economics and public policy on society". It examines taxation, public spending, health care, education and trade. Of its several research publications its best-known might be Economic Freedom of the World (find it through their Free the World page). 
  • North-South Institute
    A well-regarded research group "dedicated to international development" - so their papers and reports will view topics in economics from the ID perspective.
American Institutes:
File:Flag of the United States.svg
Wikimedia Image Public Domain

Conducts research and reports on US and global economics, business, urban politics, and development.

CESJ calls itself an "educational center, think tank and social action catalyst... We are dedicated to a free enterprise approach to economic and social justice for all". See their free material under the "Resources" tab.

  • Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
    Analyzes the effect of US budget policies on low and moderate-income families. Reports on the economy, poverty, income, taxation and welfare.
  • Economic Policy Institute
    The goal of this research and analysis institute is "to include the needs of low- and middle-income workers in economic policy discussions". To that end they publish economic reports and indicators, and their biennial flagship publication: State of Working America.
  • Heritage Foundation
    A conservative research institution that promotes public policy based on "free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense". Reports, commentaries, factsheets and other resources available.
  • Institute for Women's Policy Research
    Women's policy-oriented center dealing with matters of poverty, employment, family, and civic & political engagement. 
  • Pew Research Center
    Call themselves a "nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about... trends shaping... the world". Interests include US politics, the media, social trends, technology, and religion. 
  • Tax Foundation
    A US tax policy research organization that publishes news, articles, and reports on government fiscal policy and legal reform.
  • Urban Institute
    Carries out economic and social policy research. See their factsheets, Issues in Focus reports, and videos.

Alternative & Independent News

Independent News & Views

Alternative media want to be free from the influences of government and the commercial mass media outlets.
Independent media mavericks are not unbiased, and they don't pretend to be. But they want to distance themselves from an homogenized mainstream media that is averse to alternate views.
File:Juan Gris - Still Life with Newspaper - Google Art Project.jpg
Still Life with Newspaper
Oil on Canvas by Juan Gris 1916
Wikimedia Commons: Public Domain 

Internet Resources

The Province of British Columbia's motto - Splendour Without Diminishment

This is a multidisciplinary web search site, so make use of the Advanced Search to refine and limit your results to topics in political studies.
  • Beaucoup!
    A directory of searchable webpages.
This link takes you to Beaucoup's Politics, Government, and Law page.
Heavy concentration on American content, but Beaucoup also reaches around the globe.
  CIFP is interested in:

Monitoring and forecasting failed states
Evaluating country performance

Assessing state fragility and selected variables

Try the “standard” search, or from a results list go to the “advanced” page to limit and refine your search.
  • COW: Correlates of War
    If you're looking for a few 'factoids' on war it's better to skip COW. The aim of the site is to provide reliable quantitative data on international relations and the causes of war. If you have time to figure out the contents of the datasets and their coding systems, and to interpret the extensive spreadsheets then this is valuable resource. But best used if you're not in a hurry. 
  •  DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals
    DOAJ maintains high editorial standards to ensure academic quality. A database of full-text, scholarly journals. It is multi-disciplinary so use technical, subject-specific vocabulary in searching.
The site is the collaborative effort of academic publishers, academies, and agencies.
  • Eldis
    UK human development website with resources on governance, finance & trade, globalisation, and country statistics.
  • The FreeLibrary (Farlex)
    A repository of academic journals, reports, and trade magazines. Thousands of free full text journal articles across many disciplines. Searchable by keyword, author, title, and topic. A commercial site, not very comprehensive in some areas, but potentially useful.
From the homepage choose “Law” > Government, International Relations, or Politics. Or, choose “Social Sciences” > Political Science. 
  • NationMaster
    This is a statistical website that let's you see key numerical data for countries of the world. NM's "Government" category contains comparative stats & information on the constitutions, legal systems, political parties, level of corruption, pressure groups, etc. of countries around the world.
  • NATO
    NATO is a 28-member alliance of states which aims at safeguarding the freedom and security of its members by political and military means. Click on E-Library.
A keyword searchable database (see top-right) on economics, but also on topics in political economy.
  • OAJSE (Open Access Journals Search Engine)
    OAJSE is an open-access (free content) e-journal portal created by the Krishna Kanta Handiqui State Open University. It links to hundreds of multi-disciplinary journals that are sub-divided into international titles, and Indian titles. Search both.
Choose the Political Science subject heading to view its journal titles list.
The Google Custom Search appears to be non-functional, so you might need to open individual titles to search their contents.
The project was closed in 2012 so has lost its dynamic element. The site retains value, but anomalies might creep into the collection.
  • OpenDOAR (Directory of Open Access Repositories)
    OpenDOAR’s main benefit is that it provides access to numerous good quality, full-text academic resource collections around the world. OpenDOAR requires that its partners offer open-access (free) academic resources.
  • Public Documents Collection des Libris
    A collection of books and documents from Canadian sources in electronic form.
  • RefWorld
    A site of the UN High Commission for Refugees.
Search the Laws, Jurisprudence, and Country Information tabs.
Keep in mind that since it is German initiative there is a lot of non-English language material.
Since it is multi-disciplinary use technical, subject-specific language to focus your search.
  • United Nations Official Document System Database
    Resolutions and conclusions of an concerned with peace-keeping, security, human rights, economic development and humanitarian aid. You will find records of the General Assembly, Security Council, and other UN bodies. Browsing this collection is of little benefit - only come here if you are looking for a specific file.
  • UN Homepage 
  • UN Yearbook 
  • United States Institute of Peace 
    A nonpartisan, independent institution (funded by the US Congress) whose stated aim is the "nonviolent prevention and mitigation of deadly violence abroad". Most useful are the "Countries" and "Issue Areas" tabs containing description, articles, and analysis.
  • WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources
    A mediated directory of good-quality, free, stable, English-language links to a varied array of webpages, directories, search engines, blogs, portals – see the topical guide on the sidebar.
See also the Library's "Economics" Libguide for other websites that deal specifically with international economy (World Bank, IMF, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation & Development, etc.)

Mainstream News

National & International Newspapers & News Services

                                             File:People are reading newspaper on the street.jpg

Reading the News: Nanjing, China October 18, 2008 
Image courtesy of Stougard
Wikimedia Commons CC License

Al Jazeera (English) 
Arutz Sheeva (Israel)
BBC World News 
Boston Globe
Chicago Tribune
China Daily
Christian Science Monitor
Daily Telegraph (UK)
FAZ (Germany) (English translation available)
Financial Times (UK)
Focus (Germany) (English translation available)
Globe & Mail (Canada)
The Guardian (UK)
The Independent (UK)
International Herald Tribune (US/France)
International New York Times
The Japan News (Yomiuri Shimbun)
The Japan Times
Los Angeles Times
Le Monde (France)
Mail and Guardian (South Africa) 
MK (South Korea)
National Post (Canada)
New York Times
The News (Pakistan)
People’s Daily (China)
Reuters News Service
Seoul Times (Korea)
Sydney Morning Herald (Australia)
Times of India
Toronto Star
Wall Street Journal

Also see our "Newspaper Research" Library Guide here. 

News Magazines

News magazines cover the same current events that newspapers do, but usually in greater depth and with more insightful coverage.
A  newspaper tells us a bomb blew up in an Ahmedabad train station killing 28 people. A news magazine reflects on the social, political, cultural, or religious causes and effects of the event.
 But keep in mind that while reputable news magazines offer useful points of view on current events, they should not be mistaken for academic journals.
File:The Economist Logo.png
File:Time Magazine logo.svg
File:Der Spiegel logo.svg
L’Actualite (French Canada)
Frontline (India)
Harper's Magazine (literature, culture, finance, and politics)
Maclean’s (Canada)
The New Times (Russia) (right-click for English translation)
North Africa Journal (politics, security, economics, huamn affairs)
Der Spiegel (Germany)
Time (US)
Some content is available online, but you will be asked to subscribe for full access.
File:Shidehara Kijuro on TIME magazine cover.jpg      File:Princess Elizabeth on TIME Magazine, April 29, 1929.jpg      File:Gertrude Stein on Time magazine 1933.jpg
Time Magazine covers (l-r):
Shidehara Kijuro October 12, 1931;
Princess Elizabeth April 29, 1929; and
Gertrude Stein September 11, 1933
Kijuro cover credit: Keystone
Elizabeth cover unattributed
Stein cover credit: GP Lynes
Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain