Citation Style Guides

Links to resources to help you format citations in the most commonly-used styles.

Turabian (9th edition)

The standard manual for Turabian Style is
Turabian, Kate L.  A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations,
Ninth Edition (2018).

Note that there are actually two Turabian styles:

  • Author-Date (also described as Reference List) - Uses short form citations in text rather than footnotes or endnotes; bibliographic citations have unique format features.
  • Notes (also described as Humanities or Bibliography) - Uses footnotes or endnotes; bibliographic citations have unique format features.

Official Turabian Style Quick Guide

Chicago vs. Turabian Differences

What is the difference between Chicago and Turabian?

The primary difference is that Turabian style is shorter and contains fewer instructions and that it does not contain information about the publication. The Chicago Manual of Style is designed for professionals in the field who are publishing and has a great deal of instruction on formatting and many other things. Turabian is a pared-down version designed for students writing research papers.