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A collection of resources for faculty and undergraduate and graduate nursing students.

Evidence Synthesis

Evidence synthesis is a type of research method that allows researchers to bring together all relevant information on a research question. This can be useful to identify gaps in knowledge, establish an evidence base for best-practice guidance, or help inform policymakers and practitioners. There are many types of outputs that use evidence synthesis, such as policy briefs, systematic reviews, clinical practice guidelines and so on. (Centre for Evaluation, LSHTM)

Evidence-informed practice relies upon nurses' ability to conduct the appropriate form of evidence synthesis in order to make informed decisions. In the following pages you will find guidance on conducting literature reviews and systematic reviews, which are two primary forms of evidence synthesis. You will also find guidance on the kinds of available evidence and where to find it.